Coyote and Junco is a Zuni tale originally performed by Andre Peynetsa , tape recorded on January 20, 1965 near the town of Zuni. It was recorded in the language of Zuni, and translated by Dennis Tedlock, and published in both William Bright's Coyote Stories and Dennis Tedlock's Finding the Center. In both collections of Native American stories, the performances are transcribed with an ethnopoetic script in the original Zuni. Tedlock's version contains an English ethnopoetic script. Both editions have the same story and nearly identical content, but both use a different way of presenting the ethnopoetic script. The entire stories will not be reproduced in their entirety, but are available in both Tedlock's and Bright's book. A synopsis of the story is provide beneath the scripts. (Bright 1978) (Tedlock 1999)
William Bright's Edit
|Symbol:|| || || || || || || |
|Meaning:||LOUD||soft||unusual vowel lengthening||pauses at least 1/2 second||pauses over two seconds||lower intonation||higher intonation|
- There is no "abovelined" option on this wiki software, so
strikethoughwill be used in its place.
SONAHCI SONTI ?INO'----TE// (2) SOPLUWA [now we take it up] [now we begin] long ago bottle-necked gourds standing
YAL?AN/ (3) SIL?OKACCIK K?Akwappa/ (4) ta·ci SUSki/ (5) suski at the top junco old lady is housed SUB and coyote coyote
lak ?ala ?i·mul?an hol ca?liye./ (6) ca?lappa/ there bunch of rocks where they sit down then there is a brood there is a
(7) ta·ci sil ?okaccik holi-/ (8) kawasey?a,/ (9) tesuk?o/ brood SUB and junco old lady then winnows pigweed seeds
(10) ta·p k?usuc?i, hol kawasey?a./ (11) ill?anna wolun hol lesna/ and tumbleweed seeds then she winnows with her basket then that way
(12) kawasnan ?allacelk?akka./ to winnow she tossed them in the air.
- SUB refers to subordination to a later verb.
- At the end of the ethnopoetic script, Bright included a "Free Version" of the story that had grammar corrections. It is important to note that this was done by all stories presented in Twbtg2's project, as a linear word-by-word translation would be incredibly difficult to read and not be a true representation of the tradition of which it is an artifact.
Dennis Tedlock Edit
|Symbol:|| || || || || || || || |
|Meaning:||2 second pause||softer||LOUD||unusual vowel lengthening||hold repeated consonants||produce a crescendo||produce a glissando||higher intonation|
SO'NAHCHI SONTI INOO----TE
NOWWE TAKE IT UP, THE ROAD BEGINS LO----NG AGO
Coyote, while returning to his children hears a junco bird singing a song. He asks her to sing it for him so he can sing it for his children. He forgets the song four times and returns to Junco to hear it again, but the fourth time she refuses to sing for him. He bites the rock she is hiding in and his molars fall out. He later returns to his children, who have died.
Approach : EthnopoeticsEdit
The two scripts show the true creativity allowed with the ethnopoetic approach to an oral tradition. Bright and Tedlock have taken the same source and same desired goal, and approached at that goal with dissimilar tactics and designs. Bright's script is more of a word-for-word translation, while Tedlock's aims to balance both maintaining the original performative aspects of the story but recreate it in an understandable and entertaining fashion. Both have their own merit, and both serve two different purposes. Tedlock was allowed more creative freedom with his script as his book was published many years after Bright's, but other than the rising and falling letters, there are not many differences in the presentation of the scripts. Both feature dashes for extended vowel noises, and capital letter instruct the reader/reperformer to be louder. Here is a side by side comparison of their ethnopoetic keys:
|Meaning:||loud||soft||unusual vowel lengthening||pauses at least 1/2 second||pauses over two seconds||lower intonation||higher intonation|
|Bright|| || || || || || || |
|Tedlock:|| || || || || || || |
Reading either script would produce the same story, and desirably the same sounding story. Bright's is more difficult to read not only because he uses question marks for some symbols, but because of the overall line by line layout of his translation. This is one example of how technology benefits the field of Oral Tradition and the Ethnopoetic approach is most useful when an easy to use yet efficient system is able to convey the most meaning to the reader.
The presence of the original Zuni language is also beneficial to the reader on many levels. When reading something that has been translated into English, it is easy to forget about the hard work it takes to translate these words, as well as how much meaning is lost in translation. Each langauge, and more specifically each oral tradition has a functional technology that allows it to mean what the story teller wants it to mean. Ethnopoetics, Immanant Art, and Performance Theory all try to bring these elements to the surface by their unique approach, but it is important to remember that the best way to approach any story or tradition is with all three techniques, never limiting the possibilities of understanding.
Oral traditions are only useful if they serve a purpose to their culture. Besides entertainment, this story also provides an explanation of why coyote doesn't have molars, and also provides a conduct lesson of the importance of not getting distracted.
It is important to look at both the contextual meanings of an oral tradition, as well as the subtextual inferences. It is easy to pick the easy messages up, but many traditions may have many other meanings to a story or tradition than an outside can pick up on. Being and outside observer has its benefits, but one must truely immerse themselves into a culture before than can truely understand the importance and meaning of a tradition, if they ever can truly understand it.
- See Talk:Coyote and Junco for questions to think about and discuss.
- Buffalo.edu -- Dennis Tedlock's definition of Ethnopoetics
- MNSU.edu -- Information on the Zuni people
Navigation: Twbtg2 - Abstract - Table of Contents - All Articles - Suggested Routes - Sources
|The Scenic Route|
Twbtg2 → Abstract → Table of Contents → Trickster story type → Coyote → List and maps of Native American tribes → Ethnopoetics → Coyote Races Buffalo (Talk) → Source:Calvin Grinnell → Coyote and Junco (Talk) → Performance Theory → Coyote and Turtle Story (Talk) → Don't Be Too Curious (Talk) → Immanent Art → Rabbit's Short Tail (Talk) → Coyote Steals a Drink (Talk) → The Coyote & The Prairie Dog (Talk) → Sources → Other Routes
|The Less is More Route|
Abstract → Trickster story type → Performance Theory → Coyote and Turtle Story → Don't Be Too Curious → Sources → Other Routes